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Huayxorn-Huayxua: A model centre for agriculture services and development

The Huayxorn-Huayxua agriculture service and development centre, established jointly with Thailand, is a model for rural development in Laos, where many people in the countryside still depend on farming for their livelihood.
Most people living outside cities still have a strong interest in learning farming techniques as it directly affects their lives.
Their living conditions are directly connected to agricultural production, both for their personal consumption and for commercial purposes. 
The Huayxorn-Huayxua agriculture service and development centre plays a significant role in vocational training and transfer of comprehensive techniques on farming to villagers. Besides Lao nationals, students from Thailand too come to the centre to be trained.

Mr AnoulomTounalom.

Established by the heads of states of Laos and Thailand in 1994, the project plays a key role in providing practical training courses in breeding and raising aquatic species and livestock, growing crops, managing water supplies and land allocation. 
The centre was built on 52 hectares in Nanhang village of Naxaithong district in Vientiane. Work on the centre began after late President Kaysone Phomvihane visited an agriculture demonstration centre in Thailand initiated by King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 1992.
The late President requested the Thai king to support and assist his country in establishing a similar centre in Naxaithong district to provide technical knowhow in agriculture and animal husbandry to Lao farmers.
The head of the centre, Mr Anoulom Tounalom, told Vientiane Times recently that the facility has conducted indoor and outdoor training courses for farmers in nearby villages and the rest of the province. It has also supplied crops and animals species to support farmers.
People have fruitfully used the lessons from the centre’s experts to boost production. 
Last week, a representative group of handicapped people from Huaphan province, who were trained by officials from the centre, visited the facility to exchange ideas and have a discussion with Mr Anoulom.
Mr Anoulom was very pleased to support them, especially by providing animal species such as piglets or frogs, so that they can have a sustainable income in line with the centre’s policy and the poverty alleviation policy of the government.
The living conditions of a majority of Lao citizens, especially those living in remote areas, have a strong relationship with farming practices. But they do not know the correct principles and also do not know how to use water management and  land allocation for greater benefits. 
Mr Anoulom said every year, the centre welcomes a lot of farmers who are trained by the officials free of charge. “We also have a free dormitory for them,” he added.
Explaining how his centre is different from others, he said Laos has many farms but most of them focus on a particular thing. For example, a poultry breeding centre only breeds animal species and provides techniques for raising and breeding these animals.
“But Huayxorn-Huayxua is an integrated centre engaged in a lot of activities such as breeding and raising animals, breeding and planting crops, managing water resources, allocating lands for farming practices, cultivating mushrooms, making liquid bio-extracted fertiliser and natural composted fertilisers,” he said.
“All these activities are practiced in the centre and become useful knowledge to transfer to farmers.”  
The centre has developed a water storage and irrigation system to water more than 200 hectares in the rainy season and around 500 hectares in the dry season of farmers in communities.
“Water is an important factor for agriculture. Therefore, the centre has developed this irrigation system,” he said.
In addition, the allocation of farm land is key to developing land for greater uses and bringing more benefits. “Lao farmers and agricultural officials must learn about this integrated farming technique,” Mr Anoulom said. 
During the training courses, experts from the centre explain to farmers how to divide one plot for use for many purposes, such as 10 percent for building, 30 percent for rice plantation over two seasons, 30 percent for various crop plantations and 30 percent for husbandry and fishery zones.
As it is a cooperation centre, it continues to receive funds and equipment from both governments of Laos and Thailand and also has Thai officials to monitor its activities.
Mr Anoulom explained the centre contributes to community rural development and provides jobs to local people in Laos, while also promoting relations between the two nations by bringing successful techniques and models of farming from Thailand to Laos, which is a good neighbourly country.

By Times Reporters
(Latest Update October 21 , 2017 )

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